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985d112f2e byGaurav S 447views Tuberculosis prevention bywcmc 6916views Tuberculosis and Infection Control byuncehs 193918views Share SlideShare Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google+ Email Email sent successfully! Embed Size (px) Start on Show related SlideShares at end WordPress Shortcode Link Global tuberculosis control 2011 10,329 views Share Like Download Alfredo Bernal, Investigador adjunto Follow Published on Oct 11, 2011 This is the sixteenth global report on tuberculosis (TB) published by WHO in a series that started in 1997Among those listedbelow, we thank in particular Amal Bassili, Andrei Dadu, Khurshid Alam Hyder, Daniel Kibuga, Rafael Lpez Olarte,Nobuyuki Nishikiori, Anglica Salomo, Marithel Tesoro and Daniel Sagebiel for their major contribution to data col- WHO REPORT 2011 GLOBAL TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL v 6We thank Elizabeth Corbett and Jeremiah Chakaya for serving as external reviewers of the reportThe main purpose of this report is to provide the latest data on the TB epidemic and progress in TB care and control of the disease, based on data collected in the 2011 round of global TB data collection and previous yearsthe endorsement of Xpert MTB/RIF at the end of 2010; other tests including point-of-care tests are in the pipe- New diagnostics and laboratory linecured under DOTS The most common method for diagnosing TB world-wide is sputum smear microscopy (developed more than Stop TB Partnership targets set for100 years ago), in which bacteria are observed in sputum 2015 and 2050samples examined under a microscopeThe reported number of patients The continued inadequacy of conventional laboratory enrolled on treatment has increased, reaching 46 000 in capacity is also illustrated: 2010In general, a relatively Millennium Development Goals set for 2015small proportion of people infected with Mycobacterium Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malariatuberculosis will go on to develop TB disease; however, and other diseasesthe probability of developing TB is much higher among Target 6c: Halt and begin to reverse the incidence ofpeople infected with the human immunodeciency virus malaria and other major diseases(HIV)Errors and omissions excepted, the names of proprietary products aredistinguished by initial capital letters.All reasonable precautions have been taken by the World Health Organization to verify the information contained in this publication
most countries in 2010The country pro les that appear in Annex 2 wereprepared by Hazim Timimi and Tom HiattOngo- positive pulmonary TB was 87% in 2009.ing efforts to further improve measurement of TB cases Between 1995 and 2010, 55 million TB patients wereand deaths under the umbrella of the WHO Global Task treated in programmes that had adopted the DOTS/StopForce on TB Impact Measurement, including impressive TB Strategy, and 46 million were successfully treated.progress on TB prevalence surveys and innovative work These treatments saved almost 7 million lives.to strengthen surveillance, are summarized4.Directly observed therapyPublications of the World Health Organization are available on the WHO web site (www.who.int) or can be purchased from WHO Press,World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland (tel.: +41 22 791 3264; fax: +41 22 791 4857; e-mail: bookorderswho.int).Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution should be addressed to WHOPress through the WHO web site ( designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on thepart of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning thedelimitation of its frontiers or boundariesContinue to downloadManohar Singh, Jack-urlyn Sutton, Clarita Torres, Zulema Torres Gaete, Maribelle Tromp, Christopher Trujillo Garcia, William Turner,Melissa Valdez, Reina Valerio, Daniel Vazquez, Eva de Weever, Michael Williams, Thomas Wong, Oritta Zachariah,Nydia Zelaya and Elsa Zerbini.WHO Eastern Mediterranean RegionKhaled Abu Rumman, Nadia Abu Sabra, Naila Abuljadayel, Khadiga Adam, Shahnaz Ahmadi, Mohamed RedhaAl Lawati, Fatma Al Saidi, Amin Al-Absi, Abdelbari Al-Hammadi, Samia Ali Alagab, Issa Ali Al-Rahbi, Abdul LatifAl-Khal, Rashed Al-Owaish, Saeed Alsaffar, Kenza Benani, Abrar Chugati, Ahmad Chughtai, Walid Daoud, SayedDoud Mahmoodi, Suleiman El Bashir, Rachid Fourati, Mohamed Furjani, Mohamed Gaafar, Amal Galal, DhikrayetGamara, Said Guelleh, Kifah Ibrahim Mustafa, Assia Haissama, Dhafer Hashim, Kalthoom Hassan, Ali MohammedHussain, Heba Kamal, Joseph Lasu, Stephen Macharia, Alaa Mokhtar, Mulham Saleh Mustafa, Mahshid Nasehi,Onwar Otien, Ejaz Qadeer, Mtanios Saade, Mohammad Salama Abouzeid, Khaled Sediq, Mohammed Sghiar, KinazSheikh, Mohamed Tabena and Hyam Yacoub.WHO European RegionElmira Djusupbekovna Abdrahmanova, Tleukhan Shildebayevich Abildaev, Rag Abuzarov, Aynura AshyrbekovnaAesenalieva, Natavan Alikhanova, Avtandil Shermamatovich Alisherov, Ekkehardt Altpeter, Nury Kakaevich Aman-nepesov, Peter Henrik Andersen, Delphine Antoine, Margarida Coll Armangue, Analita Pace Asciak, Gordana Rados-avljevic Asic, Rusudan Aspindzelashvili, Andrei Petrovich Astrovko, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopec Elizabeta Bachiyska, ,Ana Ivanovna Barbova, Venera Lazarevna Bismilda, Thorsteinn Blondal, Oktam Ikramovich Bobohodjaev, OliveraBojovic Stefanos Bonovas, Eric Bttger, Hamza Bozukurt, Bonita Brodhun, Noa Cedar, Ismail Ceyhan, Ana Ciobanu, ,Nicoleta Cioran, Radmila Curcic, Edita Valerija Davidaviciene, Liliana Domente, Manca Zolnir Dovc, Mladen Duron-jic, Connie Erkens, Jos Even, Jennifer Fernandez, Akhmedov Tura Gafurovich, Viktor Gasimov, Catherine Guichard,Larus Jon Guomundsson, Ghenadiy Lvovich Gurevich, Weber Guy, Walter Haas, Efrat Haddad, Hasan Ha zi, ArmenHayrapetyan, Peter Helbling, Sven Hoffner, Daniela Homorodean, Elmira Ibraim, Djahonhir Dkurahovich Ismailov,Vincent Jarlier, Maglajlic Jasminka, Mara Soledad Jimnez Pajares, Jerker Jonsson, Iagor Kalandadze, Kai Kliiman,Maria Korzeniewska-Kosea, Mitja Kosnik, Gabor Kovacs, Olga Vladimerovna Krivonos, Tiina Kummik, Aliya Kur-banova, Arutiun Kushkean, Jean Lorenzi, Turid Mannsker, Merja Marjamki, Fauville-Dufaux Maryse, WanlinMaryse, Rujike Mehmeti, Narine Mejlumean, Donika Mema, Vladimir Milanov, Vladimir Milanov, A Mirziyat, ZoharMor, Nicolae Moraru, Gjyle Mulliqi-Osmani, Anne Negre, Joan ODonnell, Vibeke stergaard Thomsen, DimitrijevicPava, Elena Pavlenko, Branka Perovic, Edita Pimkina, Monika Polanova, Bozidarka Rakocevic, Vija Riekstina, ElenaRodrguez-Valn, Tom Rogers, Karin Rnning, Kazimierz Roszkowski, Sabine Rsch-Gerdes, Petri Ruutu, EugeniyRomanovich Sagalchik, Branislava Savic, Aynabat Amansahatovna Seitmedova, Hasia Kaidar Shwartz, Aleksandar WHO REPORT 2011 GLOBAL TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL vii 87.Statistics